Rampart of black and yellow shields

Click to return to the castle gates.
Bishop Adhemar
Home Contact Us Feedback Site Map Search Our Site Search The Web
Armour Heraldry Visions Chronology Maciejowski Bible    

Rampart of red and yellow shields

Wall Torch

  Home >> The Crusades >> The First Crusade >> Bishop Adhemar

The papal legate for the First Crusade was Adhemar, Bishop of Le Puy. Adhemar was a bishop of the old school, well able to ride a horse and to wear armor. Adhemar would demonstrate his military ability more than once on the crusade.

A papal legate was someone chosen by the pope to act on his behalf in a certain matter. A legate might be sent to negotiate a treaty, to settle a dispute, even to crown a king if the pope himself could not go. In choosing a legate to accompany the crusade, Pope Urban was clearly signalling that the papacy should be represented in all that the crusade might accomplish.

More than this is not known. Did Urban intend that the crusade should be led by the Church rather than by the laity? Did he mean that Adhemar should become the Patriarch of Jerusalem? The sources don't say, and Adhemar died at Antioch, so it cannot be deciphered from his actions, either. All armies were accompanied by priests--perhaps since the pope had called this army into existence, he merely was providing a chief priest for the expedition.

The answer to this question cannot be determined, but the larger question will recur throughout the twelfth century: who should lead a crusade? Was a crusade only called into existence by a pope? Should it be directed only toward those ends he set? What if the crusaders diverged from those ends?  

In the case of the First Crusade, the lay lords took command early and kept it throughout.

Other participants -->

Wall Torch

Rampart of red and yellow shields

Home

Home ]Armour ] Heraldry ] Visions ] Chronology ] Maciejowski Bible ]

Contact Us ] Feedback ] Site Map ] Search Our Site ] Search The Web ]

Rampart of multi-partied shields
Send email to bhartley@medievaltymes.com with any questions or comments about this web site.
Copyright 2000-2014 Medieval Tymes, All Rights Reserved
Counter-arrow, left. Hit Counter Counter-arrow, right.
Rampart of black and yellow shields