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First Crusade
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  Home >> The Crusades >> The First Crusade

Prolog~

  •  638:  Jerusalem falls to the Muslims.  The Holy Land is now under Islamic control, which sets the stage for later tensions.
  • 1054:  The final divisive conflict between the Eastern (Orthodox) and Western (Roman Catholic) churches.  This division will effect later events.
  • 1071:  The Battle Of Manzikert - Islamic forces crush the Byzantine army and imprison the emperor. 
  • 1095:  Because of this defeat and the ones following it, the new emperor, Michael Comnenus, writes an appeal for help and sends it to the Pope. (Pope Urban II).

In Brief~

  • Nov, 1095: Pope Urban II speaks to the Council of Clermont and calls for a crusade to free the Holy Land.
  • Spring, 1096: People's Crusade sets out from Europe.
  • Aug, 1096: Emperor Alexius of Constantinople ships the People's Crusade over the Bosporus
  • Late Summer, 1096: First Crusade leaders were departing Europe
  • Oct 1096: People's Crusade annihilated in Anatolia by the Turks
  • Spring, 1097: First Crusade contingents assembling in Constantinople
  • End of Apr, 1097: First Crusade begins the march in Anatolia to Nicaea
  • Late May, 1097: Nicaea surrenders to Alexius
  • Late June, 1097: First Crusaders march overland from Nicaea toward Dorylaeum
  • Oct 21, 1097: Crusaders arrive at Antioch and fight a long, bitter siege.
  • Early Feb 1098: Emperor Alexius' General Tacitius left the siege of Antioch
  • Mar 10, 1098: Citizens of Edessa give Baldwin control of the city
  • Jun 1, 1098: Stephen of Blois and a large group of French leave the siege of Antioch
  • Jun 3, 1098: Firuz opens Antioch to Bohemond and the First Crusaders
  • Jun 5-9, 1098: Kerbogha arrives at Antioch and besieges the First Crusaders
  • Jun 14, 1098: Peter Bartholomew finds the Holy Lance
  • Jun 28, 1098: Crusaders beat back Kerbogha's counter-siege of Antioch
  • Nov 27-Dec 11, 1098: Crusaders capture M'arrat-an-Numan
  • Jan 13, 1099: Raymond of Toulouse leads the first contingent away from Antioch and toward Jerusalem
  • Feb 14, 1099: Raymond begins the siege of Arqah, near Tripoli
  • Late Mar, 1099: Godfrey and Robert of Flanders join the siege of Arqah
  • Mid-May, 1099: Raymond gives up on Arqah and marches to Jerusalem
  • Jun 6, 1099: Citizens of Bethlehem ask  Tancred to protect them
  • Jun 7, 1099: Godfrey's army arrives at Jerusalem
  • Jun 13, 1099: Crusaders initially fail to take Jerusalem by storm
  • Jul 15, 1099: Godfrey breaches the walls of Jerusalem near Herod's Gate; The First Crusaders capture the Holy City of Jerusalem.

Introduction to the First Crusade

Introduction to the First Crusade

Map of the route taken on the First Crusade.  Click to see larger version.

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